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Woven Goat Hair Pavilion Provides Water, Shelter

Friday, May 18, 2018

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To provide both shelter and a source of water in the deserts of Jordan, architects Dina Haddadin and Rasaem Kamal developed a pavilion design concept reminiscent of a Bedouin tent, framed with Corten steel pipes and covered with a woven goat hair exterior.

In creating the Nomad Pavilion, the team also took inspiration from the black Iris, Jordan’s national flower.

An Oasis in the Desert

The architects strove to create a “new interpretation of the authentic tent, a structure that blends with its surrounding yet stands out as a calling sanctuary for visitors in the nomads' land; to become a shaded oasis, a gathering rest spot and a source of fresh drinking water.”

In the design, 96 Corten steel pipes are held together by knotted rope made from natural fibers, the structure flaring out at the base in a circular design that narrows up to a ring that holds the poles together. As a result, the triangular “petals meet at the top creating a round aperture that is open to the sky, covered with a dense [fiber] net that allows air to escape from the interior during summer, but not for rainwater in winter,” the team said.

A cone made from the fabric will collect fresh drinking water from rain and fog, which drains into an underground holding tank. A basin mounted on the ground in the center of the structure serves as a water fountain, drawing from the tank below. In winter, the same basin can be used as a fire pit. A semi-circle of stones provides seating and a place to rest.

Diamond smocking would give the exterior fabric a structure to trap air inside for insulation. In a similar vein, hot air rises to the top of the structure, which helps keep things cool; at night, the fabric releases the heat absorbed during the day. If there is snow or rain, the goat hair swells, sealing the loose weave shut against the elements.

Haddadin and Kamal are currently speaking with an investor and working to test the structure.


Tagged categories: Architecture; Color + Design; Design; Renewable raw materials

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