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EPA to Assess Asbestos, Other Chemicals

Thursday, December 1, 2016

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Asbestos is listed among the first 10 chemicals the Environmental Protection Agency is investigating under new powers granted by the Toxic Substance Control Act reform.

“Under the new law, we now have the power to require safety reviews of all chemicals in the marketplace,” said Jim Jones, assistant administrator of the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. “We can ensure the public that we will deliver on the promise to better protect public health and the environment.”

The table below lists the chemicals.

EPA

Symbolic Choice

According to the EPA, asbestos, which is a known human carcinogen, is used in “chlor-alkali production, consumer products, coatings and compounds, plastics, roofing products and other applications.” It is also found in certain imported products such as gaskets, brakes, friction products, packing materials and building materials.

The EPA's selection of asbestos as one of the first 10 chemicals it will review and potentially ban is an important symbol, according to Melanie Benesh, a legislative attorney at the Environmental Working Group.

“Asbestos has long been held up as the poster child of why our chemical law has been broken and if the EPA couldn’t even ban asbestos [then] it means that our federal regulations of chemicals is really broken,” Melanie Benesh told the International Business Times. “I think finally choosing asbestos and finally being able to take action to once and for all ban it and get it out of or society is an important symbolic move and I think it is also going to be a test as to whether or not this new law is really better.”

New Law Requirements

In June, President Barack Obama signed into law legislation that revised the TSCA for the first time since 1976.

Signature
Official White House Photo / Pete Souza

For decades, environmental and health advocates have complained that the country’s primary chemical management law was broken and weak, allowing as many as 85,000 untested chemicals to enter the marketplace. The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act seeks to change that.

EPA’s first list of chemicals to be evaluated was drawn from the agency’s 2014 TSCA Work Plan—a list of 90 chemicals selected based on their potential for high hazard and exposure as well as other considerations.

The agency published its list early. The TSCA, as amended by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, required the agency to publish this list by Dec. 19.

Once published in Federal Register, it will trigger a statutory deadline to complete risk evaluations for these chemicals within three years. 

This evaluation will determine whether the chemicals present an unreasonable risk to humans and the environment. If it is determined that a chemical presents an unreasonable risk, EPA must act within two years, which could mean banning the chemical.

Advocacy groups urge manufacturers to replace these chemicals with safer alternatives now rather than wait five years or more for the EPA to complete reviews and regulations.

More Evaluations Coming

Additional chemicals will be designated for evaluation, and all of the remaining Work Plan chemicals will be reviewed for their potential hazard and exposure, EPA says.

For each risk evaluation that EPA completes, TSCA requires that EPA begin another.

By the end of 2019, the agency says it must have at least 20 chemical risk evaluations ongoing at any given time.

For more information on the chemicals chosen first, click here.

   

Tagged categories: Asbestos; Coating chemistry; Construction chemicals; Environmental Protection; EPA; Health and safety; Regulations; Workers

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