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Aim of Design to Dignify War Casualties

Tuesday, January 12, 2016

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Described by its designer as a “place of remembrance,” the Mausoleum of the Martyrdom of Polish Villages is nearing the end of its construction phases.

Built to commemorate the persecution of rural Polish villages during World War II, the memorial in Michniów, Poland, “symbolically conveys the annihilation that took place here,” according to architect Nizio Design International in Warsaw.

Germans overtook the town of Michniów on July 12, 1943. According to the design studio, a cemetery of those who died during the invasion and a sculpture already exist on the Mausoleum site.

The memorial—which the firm won the rights to design in 2009—is scheduled to be open on track in 2016 or 2017.

Photos: Nizio Design International

The intention of the Mausoleum of the Martyrdom of Polish Villages was to symbolize the devastation of rural Poland during World War II, according to designers Nizio Design International.

Designers then won a second recognition for the memorial in 2011, when it received the European Property Award in the Public Service Architecture category, the studio said.

‘Haunting’ Design

Online magazine Gizmag called the memorial that had been commissioned by the Kielce Region Countryside Museum “haunting” and said the extensively landscaped structure strikes the right balance between reflecting tragedy while remaining a compelling design.

“The building has a characteristic segmented structure,” its designers said in a prepared statement. “Its tissue is cut across by cracks that divide the architectural form into closed and open parts.

“This form is the resultant of the sculptural inspirations and thinking of the architecture's consistency with the historical narrative.”

The object’s monolithic structure was designed by applying watertight concrete jointing and injection technology, the designers said. Ferroconcrete pilasters that rise from the slab foundation come together at the top of the roof. Those pillars support the building envelope that serves as elevation and insulation layers, Nizio said.

The object’s monolithic structure was designed by applying watertight concrete jointing and injection technology, the designers said.

“In the walls and roof slopes the designers ‘hid’ such elements as ventilation ducts, telecommunication and electrical infrastructure,” the designers explained of the building.

Structural Achievements

To design concrete that has a resemblance of a wooden exterior, the design studio said it used matrix impressions of a thin layer of plaster that is manufactured for ferroconcrete structure repairs. The designers then said they applied the mixture to the roof slopes, inner walls and side elevations.

Designers also had to work with a ground slope of 10 percent to 15 percent, the designers said.

To design concrete that has a resemblance of a wooden exterior, the design studio said it used matrix impressions of a thin layer of plaster that is manufactured for ferroconcrete structure repairs.

Nizio said it is now in the fifth phase of construction.  Although it said that the fourth phase—putting together the components of the building itself—was the most difficult, the current phase includes constructing approaches to the gravesite.

When complete, the entire memorial will take up 16,200 square meters (174,375 square feet) and will have 11 large “house-shaped volumes,” Gizmag said.

The magazine also said that visitors will be greeted inside with multimedia exhibitions.

   

Tagged categories: Architecture; Concrete; Concrete Surfacing; Designers; Monuments; Public spaces

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