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9 New Sites Added to Historic List

Thursday, October 9, 2014

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From the oldest operating streetcar system in America to the home of an arctic explorer, the nine recently designated national historic landmarks showcase the history and development of the U.S.

“These nine sites add to a nationwide network of unique, historic places that represent the complex journey that we have taken as a nation,” U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell said in a Sept. 30 announcement.

“By designating these new national landmarks we ensure that America’s history of innovation, vision and diversity are celebrated today and for future generations.”

The new listings will be added to the 2,544 other sites in the National Historic Landmark Program, according to the National Park Service.

New Designations

The new designations, along with descriptions provided by the National Park Service, are listed below.

  • Baltusrol Golf Club, Springfield, NJ

Founded in 1895, Baltusrol Golf Club comprises arguably the most important and influential design of leading early-20th-century golf course architect Albert W. Tillinghast (1874–1942), one of the first American golf architects to integrate a golf course into nature.

Baltusrol Golf Club

Photos: U.S. Department of the Interior / photo by James Lum, 2013

Baltsurol has hosted at least one major national championship in every decade of the 20th and 21st centuries, including five U.S. Opens, two U.S. Women’s Opens, and one PGA championship. Baltsurol will also host the 2016 PGA championship.

  • Brown Bridge, Rutland County, VT

Constructed in 1880, the Brown Bridge is one of the most outstanding surviving examples of a Town lattice truss, a widely popular construction method throughout the 19th century that could be erected inexpensively by local builders using machine-fabricated woodwork.

Brown Bridge

Jet Lowe, 2004

Brown Bridge was erected by Nichols M. Powers, who built more than 20 substantial covered bridges throughout New England.

  • Duck Creek Aqueduct, Metamora, Franklin County, IN

Constructed around 1846, the Duck Creek Aqueduct is an exceptional example of 19th-century covered bridge construction and is the only surviving historic covered wood aqueduct in the U.S.

Duck Creeck Aqueduct

James W. Rosenthal, 2004

Built as a component of the Whitewater Canal in southeastern Indiana, the bridge represents a rare surviving component of an American canal system that was a significant mode of transportation in the first half of the 19th century.  

  • Eagle Island (Admiral Robert E. Peary Summer Home), Harpswell, ME

Eagle Island is the longtime residence of arctic explorer Robert E. Peary, whose multiple expeditions to the North Pole brought international recognition to the United States at the turn of the 20th century and made him one of the most admired men in America.

Eagle Island

Brian Vanden Brink, 2001

Peary acquired Eagle Island in 1881 and built his house in 1904 on a prominent ledge facing north, towards the open sea. The rustic simplicity of the house and its island setting reflect the life and work of a man who spent 23 years exploring the North Pole and the coast of Greenland.

  • General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI

The General Motors Technical Center (commonly known as the “GM Tech Center”) is one of the most significant works of architect Eero Saarinen, who was among the most important modernist designers of the post-World War II period in the United States.

GM Tech Center

John M. Evans, 2012

The GM Tech Center marked Saarinen’s emergence onto the national stage and was the first of his four influential suburban corporate campuses that represented a sea change in American business facilities. The GM campus represents Saarinen’s work not just as a creator of buildings, but also as the planner/designer of total environments.

  • Frances Perkins Homestead, Newcastle, ME

As Secretary of Labor from 1933-1945, Frances Perkins was the first woman to serve in a presidential cabinet. The homestead is her ancestral home and lifelong summer residence, which she owned and maintained from 1927 until her death in 1965.

Perkins Home

Roger Reed, 2012

As Secretary of Labor, Perkins was a figure of undisputed national significance and the driving force behind New Deal programs such as Social Security, unemployment insurance, and minimum wage.

  • Lydia Pinkham House, Lynn, MA

Lydia Pinkham was the creator and marketer of Lydia Pinkhams’ Vegetable Compound, one of the most widely-marketed patent medicines of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and one of the most well-known businesswomen of her era.

Pinkham

Roger Reed, 2012

The Pinkham Vegetable Compound served, in part, as an impetus for reform of the manufacture and sale of medications.

  • The Research Studio (Maitland Art Center), Maitland, FL

Founded in 1937 as an artist colony by architect and artist J. Andre Smith, The Research Studio is a nationally significant example of Art Deco-Mayan Revival architecture and decoration and is one of the most distinctively rendered sites of this style in the U.S.

The Research Studio

Christine M. French, 2013

More than 200 reliefs, carvings, and sculptures—incorporating hundreds of separate pieces—are integrated into the artists’ campus and surrounding tropical landscape. Smith’s architectural and decorative interpretations of Mayan culture are an exceptional example of Art Deco fantasy and Mayan Revival art and architecture in the U.S.

  • The St. Charles Line, New Orleans, LA

The St. Charles Line is the nation’s oldest operational street railway, a transportation method that at its peak carried nearly 16 billion passengers nationwide each year, and is the only streetcar system dating from that period to remain in operation. The St. Charles Line is also significant for its 35 arch-roofed, steel-bodied Perley Thomas streetcars, which represent an evolution in the engineering of street railway technology.

St Charles Line

Charles E. Leche, 2013

The cars have continuously operated on the line’s tracks since 1923-24. Of the tens of thousands originally manufactured, the St. Charles Line’s cars are the only conventional streetcars to have remained in operation within their original system.

The program, established in 1935, is administered by the National Park Service on behalf of the Secretary of the Interior.

   

Tagged categories: Architecture; Bridges; Government; Historic Preservation; Historic Structures

Comment from Paul Braun, (10/9/2014, 9:54 AM)

these are some great choices worthy of preservation. And the third helps answer the question why a duck, why-a no chicken, why-a no goose?


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