Durability + Design
Follow us on Twitter Follow us on LinkedIn Like us on Facebook Follow us on Instagram Visit the TPC Store
Search the site

 

Advertisement

Durability + Design (D+D)


D+D News

Main News Page


Builders Turning to Faster, Cheaper Robot Labor

Thursday, April 20, 2017

More items for Building Envelope

Comment | More

Construction’s goals mirror most industries: find ways to professionally, quickly and safely complete projects while keeping costs down.

While construction has enjoyed technological advancements and has rapidly increased productivity, using and improving upon robotics to complete complex tasks is still gaining traction.

Blueprint Robotics

Robotics use will be limited to repetitive tasks, such as quickly finishing needed work in transportable, luxury modular homes.

Robots are performing work in capacities such as demolishing and scaffolding, however, their use is limited to repetitive tasks, such as quickly finishing needed work in transportable, luxury modular homes.

There is some concern about automation stripping jobs from the workforce, but companies in the robot business say they have helped ease a labor shortage, which has hampered construction of residences and commercial properties across the United States.

High-tech plants equipped with robotics allow developers to fill the gap by having houses and apartment buildings manufactured off-site, for less money and in a fraction of the time.

Work and Numbers

Cyndicy Yarborough has no background in construction, but at Blueprint Robotics in Baltimore, she works in a factory that builds houses like cars—on an assembly line. Robots fire thousands of nails into studs each day and never miss.

Yarborough operates a machine that lifts floors and walls and packs them onto a flatbed truck. It’s the final step before delivery to a development site, where they’ll be pieced together. 

David Reed, vice president of Champion Commercial Structure’s modular division, believes labor costs are more favorable for robot-abetted construction of homes in factories.

Workers make about $15-20 an hour in rural Pennsylvania. That compares with the $50-100 an hour they make  in markets such as New York’s Hudson Valley and the Washington, D.C., area, where many of Champion’s modular homes are shipped. 

Kris Megna is a builder who works with Champion to create houses as large as 10,000 square feet in the pricey suburbs of Boston. Megna, who founded Dreamline Modular Homes in 2010, said almost any custom design is possible, even though the modules can’t be much bigger than 60 feet by 16 feet.

Walls between sections can be knocked down for open-concept kitchens, and cutouts can create vaulted ceilings, he told Bloomberg News. 

“The house is 60 percent complete when it arrives, and that means 60 percent of the headaches of building are gone,” Megna said.

Single-home residencies aren't the only constructionp projects pairing up with robots. Hospitality company Marriott International Inc. plans to have agreements with North American developers this year to produce about 50 of its Select branded hotels in factories, notes Karim Khalifa, Marriott's senior vice president of global design strategies.

In December, Marriott opened a Fairfield Inn in Folsom, California, with 97 rooms, which were pieced together at a plant in Boise, Idaho. In March, a collection of Marriott hotel rooms was getting wood-framed walls and ceilings at a Champion Homes factory in Liverpool, Pennsylvania. Even the beds and televisions will be in place.

The boxes will be shipped through stretches of highway and stacked in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, next month. 

“What we like is how well modular is built,” Khalifa told Bloomberg. “These things have all been designed to be transported. They have the integrity of a shipping container.” 

Smaller-Task Robots

Robotic innovation has also found a foothold in other jobs, though also on the more repetitive side of the industry.

New York-based company Construction Robotics created a bricklaying robot named SAM (Semi-Automated Mason), which it says is capable of building walls six times faster than a human bricklayer.

SAM can lay 3,000 bricks per day. It uses a combination of a conveyor belt, robotic arm and concrete pump. By comparison, a human builder averages around 500 bricks per day.

Scientists at Nanyang Scientific University in Singapore have developed a robot that can spray-paint the interiors of industrial buildings.

Pictobot
Nanyang Scientific University/Singapore

Spray-painting robot PictoBot can paint a high interior wall 25 percent faster than a crew of two painters, and can even operate in the dark.

PictoBot was co-developed with JTC Corporation (JTC) and Aitech Robotics and Automation. Its creators say it can save time and manpower, along with improving safety.

The developers note that PictoBot can paint a high interior wall 25 percent faster than a crew of two painters. It can work four hours on one battery charge, give walls an even coat of paint that matches industry standards and use advanced sensors to operate in the dark to enable continuous 24-hour painting.

A Necessary Advance

Although the worry automation stealing jobs still lingers, some markets that have the worst construction labor gap—such as Austrailia and Japan—are finding it necessary to hustle with their experimentation with robots.

Japan, which is set to host the 2020 Olympics, lacks the skilled workers to even operate heavy machinery, and needs more than 25,000 workers to build the stadiums, arenas and other facilities it needs to host the event.

The Khaleej Times reports that because of this, rapid robotic growth in the industry is expected within the next five to 10 years.

"Construction companies building very large and complex projects will adopt semi-autonomous and autonomous robotic systems in the near future that will solve construction problems, increase productivity, reduce cost and increase safety at the sites."

   

Tagged categories: Champion Painting; Exterior painting; Hotels; Residential Construction; Residential contractors; Robotics

Comment Join the Conversation:

Sign in to our community to add your comments.

Advertisements
 
Pratt & Lambert Paints
 
Trusted Performance with Proven Results
 
Pratt & Lambert’s finest, Accolade® Premium Paint & Primer, applies flawlessly with superb hide and long-lasting durability for great results, every time.
 

 
Atlas Material Testing Technology
 
Helping You Put Your Products To The Test
 
  • Outdoor Accelerated Weathering
  • Laboratory Testing Services
  • Accelerated Weathering Instruments

  • www.atlas-mts.com
    atlas.info@ametek.com
 

 
RCI, Inc.
 
RCI Building Envelope Technology Symposium
 
November 13-14, 2017 | Orlando, Florida | Learn valuable design and repair insights from 20 leading design experts. RCI, Inc. is an AIA LU provider. Learn more.
 

 
CONSTRUCT (by CSI)
 
Free Expo Pass to CONSTRUCT 2017
 
CONSTRUCT is the only dedicated national trade show and educational conference for the commercial building teams that spec and source building products. CONSTRUCT links thousands of industry leaders to procure real-world, practical knowledge for building success.
 

 
A&I Coatings
 
Vitreflon – the hallmark of colour stable protective coatings
 
Vitreflon two pack fluoropolymer coatings display unsurpassed colour and gloss retention making Vitreflon the coating of choice for high value infrastructure and architecture. Contact us today to find out how Vitreflon can outperform on your next project. Vitreflon distributorships available.
 

 
PPG Paints
 
PURE PERFORMANCE® Interior Latex Paint
 
PPG PAINTS™ Pure Performance interior latex paint delivers a durable finish. Its zero-VOC,* low-odor formula makes it ideal for schools, hotels, hospitals, office buildings, retail spaces, home residences and more. *Colorants added to this base paint may increase VOC level significantly depending on color choice.
 

 
 
 

Technology Publishing Co., 1501 Reedsdale Street, Suite 2008, Pittsburgh, PA 15233

TEL 1-412-431-8300  • FAX  1-412-431-5428  •  EMAIL webmaster@durabilityanddesign.com


The Technology Publishing Network

Durability + Design PaintSquare the Journal of Protective Coatings & Linings Paint BidTracker

 

© Copyright 2012-2017, Technology Publishing Co., All rights reserved